Abigail VelazquezCleaning- change your electric tooth brush head after 6-7 weeks
- Floss at least once per day- brushing your teeth should take 1-2 minutes.
http://www.rd.com/health/beauty/10-tips-for-healthy-whiter-teeth/

Cavities

What is a cavity? A decayed part of a tooth. They can also be called dental caries.

Symptoms- There really are not any symptoms for a cavity but if left untreated it can cause toothache, infection or even loss of the tooth itself.

Treatments- Fillings, crowns and root canal if the infection is super bad.


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Root Canal
root canal.jpe

Why should you get a root canal? You would need to get a root canal if the root of the tooth was infected. The reason to get this is so the dentist can get rid of the pain that you might be experiencing from it.









Braces

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Types of braces:

Metal Braces/ Traditional Braces:$3,000-$7,000

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Article

Pros: Least expensive type; colored bands give kids a chance to express themselves

Cons: Most noticeable type of braces



Ceramic Braces:$4,000-$8,000

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Article

Pros: Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners (Invisalign)

Cons: More expensive than metal braces; Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well




Lingual Braces:$8,000-$10,000

Article
Article

Pros: Invisible from outside

Cons: Difficult to clean; more expensive; not appropriate for severe cases; can be more uncomfortable at first; regular adjustments take longer and are more difficult than with traditional braces





Invisalign:$4,000- $7,400

Article
Article

Pros: Almost invisible; Patients can eat and drink whatever they want

Cons: Will not work for serious dental problems; only available for adults and teens, not children; more expensive option; can be easily lost and costly to replace; treatment may potentially take longer


Rubber Bands:
The orthodontist will have you wear rubber bands if they feel that your lining of your upper and lower jaw are not correct. There are many different ways that they could have you wear the rubber bands but it depends on your situation. This process is known for the longest and most difficult part because if you don't wear them all the time then if can make your brace time longer.
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After Care of Braces

Fixed retainers: $500- $1,000 for upper and lower
Some orthodontist will but a thin wire behind your upper and lower teeth after they take off your braces that way they do not move that much after the braces are off
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Removable Retainers: $150- $300 for one
You might only need to wear one retainer either on the top or bottom depending on what the orthodontist thinks and how much your teeth move throughout the years.

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Implants


Dental Implants
Dental Implants




Consequences of not replacing missing teeth:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlfNJuIy0Dw


Types of Implant tooth Replacements:


Single Tooth Replacement:

Dental Implants
Dental Implants

Immediately (at the same time an implant is placed) or after a period of healing, an abutment is attached to the implant. This is a device that “abuts” or joins the implant to a tooth form called a crown, which replaces the tooth part you see in the mouth. It will hold a custom-made crown that the dental laboratory will fabricate and match to your existing teeth. The custom crown is cemented or screwed onto the abutment to permanently keep it in place. Once the crown is in place, it should be indistinguishable from your natural teeth.




Fixed Multiple Tooth Replacement:

Dental Implants
Dental Implants

As with single tooth replacement, temporary healing caps or abutments may be placed on multiple implants until the healing phase is complete. After healing, permanent abutments are attached to the implants. They can attach to custom-made crowns or bridgework that a dental laboratory will fabricate to match your existing teeth. In the final step, the custom bridge, which will replace multiple teeth, is cemented or screwed onto the abutments. The teeth have been replaced without disturbing the healthy teeth next to them, and bone loss has been halted.





Removable Implant-Supported Tooth Replacement:

Dental Implants
Dental Implants


If all of your lower teeth are missing, depending on the design of the removable restoration, two to six implants may be used to support a lower denture. If all of your upper teeth are missing, a minimum of four implants may be used to support an upper denture. Removable dentures are often used to replace extensive tooth, bone and gum-tissue loss, thus providing support for the facial skeleton, lip and cheeks. A new denture can have attachments that snap or clip it into place on the implants or a custom made, milled bar can be fabricated to create additional strength and support for the restoration. Design variations are often related to your bone density and number of implants present; your dentist will discuss these options during your consultation. A significant advantage of a removable denture is facilitating the cleaning of the dental implants.




Pros:

Dental Implants
Dental Implants

  • Dental Implants fuse directly to the bone
  • Gum tissues also attach to the root of the tooth with collagen fibers.
  • Implant are metal and do not decay or need root canal.


Dental Care and Cost


INSTRUCTIONS
Provide information regarding dental care. You may choose to cover cleaning, cavities/fillings, crowns, implants, extractions, root canals, braces and periodontal disease. (you do not have to cover all of them). An important part of this report is the cost of dental care. You are to list the kind of common dental procedures, seek out the number of dentists that you have classmates in your group, and list the cost for each procedure. Do not share the dentists' name, instead write his/her location. We will be comparing the costs from each dentist.
cleaning
xrays
flouride treatment
cavity fillings
bridges
extraction
braces
peridontal work
root canal
sealants
implants



Types of X-rays-

Bitewing X-rays- shows the top and bottom back teeth and how the fit together in a single picture. These X-rays are used to show decay between the teeth and also how well the teeth line up. Another function is to show bone loss when there is severe gum disease or an infection

Periapical X-rays- makes an image of the entire tooth from the exposed crown to the end of the root and the bones that support the tooth. these images are used to find issues below the gums or in the jaw such as abscesses, cysts, impacted teeth, and tumors or other diseases linked to bone changes

Occlusal X-rays- shows the floor or the roof of the mouth and are used to find jaw fractures, teeth that haven't broken through yet, a cleft in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), cysts, growths, or abscesses. this procedure can also be used to find foreign objects

Panoramic X-rays- makes a broad image of the jaw, teeth, sinus, nasal area, and the jaw joints or temporomandibular. this X-ray doesn't show cavity but they do show impacted teeth, bone abnormalities, cysts, tumors, infections, and fractures.

Digital X-rays- are just a way to describe how the X-ray is saved and it can also be sent to a computer and recorded directly

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Frequency of X- rays-

  • Adults should have Bitewing X-rays every 2 to 3 years.
  • Teens should have Bitewing X-rays every 1 and 1/2 to 3 years.
  • Children should have Bitewing X-rays every 1 to 2 years.


For prone to cavity people-

  • Adults should have bitewing X-rays every 6 months to 1½ years.
  • Children and teens should have bitewing X-rays every 6 to 12 months.

Complications-

  • If you are pregnant a lead vest will be put on your belly to protect your baby
  • there is a small amount of radiation that gets output everytime an X-ray is taken but unless it is done very frequently there should be no issues

How it feels-

  • You feel no pain and the X-ray is done in a flash so nothing is felt
  • There may be some discomfort in the mouth because of the awkward piece of plastic the have to put in your mouth to hold the film to take the x-ray

Video-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M9gQrK0_ASw

Cost-
  • A single x-ray costs between 15-25 dollars
  • A bitewing x-ray costs between 50-100 dollars
  • A panoramic x-ray would cost between 100-200 dollars

Fluoride treatment-


Fluoride- is a mineral that helps prevent tooth decay through a process of remineralization, which makes the teeth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugar in the mouth. it also can reverse early tooth decay.

How to get Fluoride naturally- Fluoride is naturally found in many foods and drinks such as water, processed foods, flavored beverages, processed meats, and any foods that have pesticides.

Treatments- A dentist can apply Fluoride to the teeth in the forms of gel, foam, and varnish. these treatments are highly concentrated amounts of fluoride. Fluoride supplements are also available as liquids and tablets and it must be prescribed by a dentists or family doctor.

What can fluoride prevent- Fluoride can help prevent dry mouth conditions, Gum disease, Frequent cavity's, and help with braces, bridges, and crowns.

Can Fluoride be harmful- If fluoride is used correctly it is safe but in high doses it can be harmful. the level of toxicity depends on ones body weight. Another complication is called fluorosis which can cause defects in the enamel of a child if they consume to much fluoride usually found in well and tap water.


external image Fluoride-Post-Image.jpg

Costs- Professional treatments through gels or varnishes can cost between 20-50$ home fluoride treatments can cost between 5-20$ and toothpaste the most common way of getting fluoride costs 2-7$ dollars


Cost Chart of dental Procedures- costs provided by Maya dental clinic in palatine
  • Cavity small tooth- 119$
  • Cavity big tooth- 270$
  • Root Canals small tooth- 500$
  • Root Canals big tooth- 800$
  • Braces metal- 900$
  • Dental Implants- 3300$
  • Fluoride Treatment- 36$
  • X-Rays Bite wing- 80$
  • X-Ray panoramic- 200$

Dental Care and Cost


INSTRUCTIONS
Provide information regarding dental care. You may choose to cover cleaning, cavities/fillings, crowns, implants, extractions, root canals, braces and periodontal disease. (you do not have to cover all of them). An important part of this report is the cost of dental care. You are to list the kind of common dental procedures, seek out the number of dentists that you have classmates in your group, and list the cost for each procedure. Do not share the dentists' name, instead write his/her location. We will be comparing the costs from each dentist.
cleaning
xrays
flouride treatment
cavity fillings
bridges
extraction
braces
peridontal work
root canal
sealants
implants





DWAYNE ESPER


What is a Cavity?

A cavity is the space inside a tooth that remain once tooth decay is removed. Plaque, a colorless, sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth, is one of the main causes of tooth decay.


Tooth-Decay-vs-Cavity.jpg cavity.jpg

Black holes in the tooth.


How do you know if your getting a cavity?

Toothache
Tooth sensitivity
Mild to sharp pain when eating or drinking something sweet, cold or hot
pain when you bite down
Brown, black or white staining on any surface of a tooth

Price Cavity- $50-250

X-rays $50, cleaning $50,
filling $75
fluoride cleaning $30
sealants $45


Braces

Braces are metal, wire, band, and bracket make to help the right way to straighten teeth.

braces.png traditional-braces-case-8-bild-b.jpg

How long do braces hurt when you first get them?

About one or two weeks. Braces can be worn up to 6 years, but it really depends on the structure of the teeth.



Don't Eat

Hard Foods – This includes everything from hard breads like pizza crust, to nuts, to vegetables like raw carrots. Since they require so much force to bite through, they can damage your wires and brackets

  • Tough Meats – Snacks like beef jerky can loosen the wires and brackets of your braces.

  • Sticky Foods – Generally you should just avoid candy, especially candy that is especially chewy, crunchy, or sugary. Gum is included.

  • Inedibles – Many people unconsciously chew on pens or bite their fingernails, both of which can damage braces.

  • Ice – This is probably the most common culprit when it comes to damaged braces.


Do Eat

Soft Fruits – Grapefruits, nectarines, kiwi, and tangerines

  • Vegetables – Steam them so that they come out soft

  • Dairy Products – Yogurt and cheese are good alternatives to tough meat

  • Soft Meats – Tender chicken, turkey, meat loaf, lunch meat, seafood

  • Deserts – Pudding, applesauce, smoothies, ice cream

  • Soft Grains – Cooked pasta, cooked rice

  • Soft Breads – Tortillas, biscuits, muffins, pancakes

  • Eggs – Another good alternative to tough meats, especially breakfast foods like bacon


Price braces- $3,000-$5,000 depends on teeth

x-rays $150
cleaning $75
fluoride treatment $55
extraction $100
1st visit $500
Monthly payment of $100-$125 for 12-18months.



Root Canal

a procedure to replace infected pulp in a root canal with an inert material.


root canal.png root canal 2.png

Price Root Canal- $400-$1,400 depending on tooth

x-rays $50
medication for numbing $400
cleaning root $150-$200
fillings $$250-$500
sealants$35




What is a tooth Implants?

A dental implant is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw to support a dental prosthesis such as a crowns, bridge, denture, and facial prosthesis.


tooth implant.png tooth implant 2.jpg

Why you get a tooth implants?

One would get a tooth implant for lose of tooth, injury, or repairing of teeth.


Price Implants- $1,000-$4,000

x-rays $150
medication $500
cleaning $$75
Implant $1,000
crown $2,500



INSTRUCTIONS Dental

Provide information regarding dental care. You may choose to cover cleaning, cavities/fillings, crowns, implants, extractions, root canals, braces and periodontal disease. (you do not have to cover all of them). An important part of this report is the cost of dental care.

You are to list the kind of common dental procedures, seek out the number of dentists that you have classmates in your group, and list the cost for each procedure.

Do not share the dentists' name, instead write his/her location.

We will be comparing the costs from each dentist. cleaning xrays flouride treatment cavity fillings bridges extraction braces peridontal work root canal sealants implants







By Diana Uihlein

Cavities

A cavity develops when a tooth decays, or breaks down. A cavity is a hole that can grow bigger and deeper over time. Cavities are also called dental caries, and if you have a cavity, it's important to get it repaired.

Image result for cavity
Image result for cavity
Image result for cavity
Image result for cavity

Why would your tooth develop a hole? That's a sticky, slimy substance made up mostly of the germs that cause tooth decay. The bacteria in your mouth make acids and when plaque clings to your teeth, the acids can eat away at the outermost layer of the tooth, called the enamel

Symptoms: toothache, infection, and tooth loss.



Your dentist will carefully examine your teeth and may take X-rays. If your dentist discovers a cavity, he or she can repair it for you by first removing the rotted part of your tooth with a special drill. The dentist then fills the hole in your tooth with a special material. The result is called a filling.

Image result for filling
Image result for filling

Costs

Fillings

Metal Filling: $50-$150 for one to two teeth, and $120 -$300 for more than two teeth.
Tooth-colored resin filling usually cost between $90 and $250 for one to two teeth, between $150 and $450 for three or more.

Video:


Tooth Decay



Try to avoid them by taking care of your teeth:
  • Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after every meal or at least twice a day. Bedtime is an important time to brush.
  • Brush up and down in a circular motion.
  • Gently brush your gums as well to keep them healthy.
  • Floss your teeth once a day to remove plaque and food that's stuck between your teeth.
  • Limit sweets and sugary drinks, like soda or juice.
  • See your dentist twice a year for regular checkups.

Braces

Brace is a system of metal wires that people, usually children, wear on their teeth to make them grow straight.

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Image result for braces
Image result for braces after
Image result for braces after


Lots of kids don't have perfect teeth, so don't worry if yours aren't straight. Take a look at most of your classmates. Many of them probably don't have straight teeth either. It's called malocclusion. Your teeth might be crooked, or your upper and lower jaws might not be the same size. If your upper jaw is bigger than your lower jaw, that's called an overbite. If your lower jaw is bigger than your upper jaw, you have an underbite.
Image result for malocclusion.
Image result for malocclusion.

Symptoms: discomfort or difficulty while chewing.


Costs


Traditional dental braces range from $3,000 to $7,000, depending on the type of braces your child gets and how long they have to wear them.

Damon braces: This type of braces has no steel tie to hold the wires between the brackets, instead the brackets clamp onto the wires to hold them in place with average costs up to **$8,000** without insurance.
Image result for Damon braces
Image result for Damon braces

Invisible aligners: Clear aligners look similar to a mouthguard but work like traditional braces to shift teeth. They are almost invisible and your child will be able to eat or drink normally while wearing them. Invisible Aligners are one of the more expensive braces options for kids teeth, ranging from $4,000 to $7,400 without insurance.
Image result for Invisible aligners
Image result for Invisible aligners

Ceramic braces: Ceramic braces are similar to traditional metal braces except the brackets are made from clear or tooth-colored ceramic. Ceramic braces are less noticeable than traditional braces but can stain easily if not cleaned properly. Ceramic braces usually move teeth faster than other invisible options like clear plastic aligners, but this type of braces can cost more than other orthodontic treatment options—with the average cost ranging from $4,000 to $8,000.
Image result for Ceramic braces
Image result for Ceramic braces

Lingual braces: Lingual braces, or behind the teeth braces, are extremely similar to traditional braces, but instead of being fixed to the front of your teeth, they are placed behind them. Lingual braces are invisible but can be more difficult to clean and are expensive—ranging from $8,000 to $10,000.

Image result for Lingual braces
Image result for Lingual braces


Life with Braces


Everyone has to wear braces for different lengths of time, but most people usually wear braces for about 2 years. You'll want to take special care of your teeth after the braces come off. You may need to wear a retainer, which is a small, hard piece of plastic with metal wires or a thin piece of plastic shaped like a mouthguard. Retainers make sure your teeth don't go wandering back to their original places. Your retainer will be specially molded to fit your newly straightened teeth.
Image result for retainer
Image result for retainer


After you get your retainer, your orthodontist will tell you when you have to wear it and how long — you might have to wear your retainer all day and all night for 2 years; you might have to wear it at night for 6 months; or you might have to wear it every other night for many years. It just depends on your teeth.

Braces act like magnets for food, so you need to keep your teeth especially clean while you have them on. You'll want to brush after meals and be extra careful to get out any food that gets stuck in your braces.

You won't have to go on any special diet when you have braces, but you'll want to avoid some foods that are problems for braces. Stay away from popcorn, hard and sticky candy, and especially gum. Sugary sodas and juices can cause a problem, too, because the sugar stays on your teeth and may cause tooth decay. You can have these drinks, but be sure to brush afterward.

Root Canal
A root canal is a common procedure to treat a damaged or infected tooth. Typically, a root canal is needed when the root of a tooth, or the tissue inside that you can't see, gets infected and causes great pain.

Root canal therapy is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or infected. Root canal therapy is performed when the pulp which is composed of nerves and blood vessels in the tooth becomes infected or damaged. During root canal therapy, the pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed.
Image result for Root Canal
Image result for Root Canal
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Image result


Why Does the Pulp Need to Be Removed?

When pulp is damaged, it breaks down, and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. The bacteria and other dying pulp remnants can cause an infection or abscessed tooth. An abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the end of a tooth’s root. In addition to an abscess, an infection in the root canal of a tooth can cause:
  1. Swelling that may spread to other areas of the face, neck, or head
  2. Bone loss around the tip of the root
  3. Drainage problems extending outward from the root. A hole can occur through the side of the tooth, with drainage into the gums or through the cheek into the skin.


Costs


A CostHelper survey shows the average root canal cost with and without insurance
  • Front tooth: $1,156 without insurance or $608 with insurance
  • Mid-molar: $957 without insurance or $333 with insurance
  • Back Molar: $1,184 without insurance or $682 with insurance
Image result for root canal treatment
Image result for root canal treatment

Another CostHelper survey shows the average cost of dental crowns based on the material they're made of:
  • Porcelain and metal crowns: $1,093 without insurance or $618 with insurance
  • Metal crowns: $1,353 without insurance or $882 with insurance
  • All-porcelain crowns: $1,430 without insurance or $953 with insurance
Image result for Crown Treatment
Image result for Crown Treatment